For the preparation of installations for communal heat and power engineering as well as for industrial enterprises, to work in conditions of Ukraine’s implementation of the EU directives in accordance with the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union, in particular Directive 2003/87 / EC, and ensuring the possibility of obtaining enterprise emission permits the GHGs and the corresponding participation in the emissions trading system. The Institute of Industrial Ecology proposes to perform works to determine the baseline (baseline) of greenhouse gas emissions pharynx.
Within two years from the date of entry into force of the Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, on the other hand, in Ukraine, the basic provisions of a number of regulatory documents of the European Union, in including Directive 2003/87 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 on the introduction of a Community system of permitting for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending and supplementing it Council Directive 96/61 / EC, as amended by Directive 2004/101 / EC.
Directive No. 2003/87 / EC is fully compatible with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol and should encourage the use of more energy-efficient industries, and includes, in particular:
- adoption of national legislation and determination of the authorized body (bodies);
- Establishment of a system for the identification of relevant facilities / installations and determination of greenhouse gases (Annexes I and II);
- development of a national plan for allocating quotas between plants / complexes (Article 9);
- introduction of a permit system for greenhouse gas emissions and quotas that will be sold at the national level between plants / industrial complexes in Ukraine (Articles 4 and 11-13);
- the establishment of a monitoring, reporting, inspection and proper implementation system, as well as public consultation procedures (Articles 9, 14-17, 19 and 21).
The introduction of the Ukrainian ETS will promote:
- limiting the emission of greenhouse gases (hereinafter referred to as “GHG”) from stationary sources in order to fulfill the international obligations of Ukraine on limiting GHG emissions;
- restoration of carbon financing and stimulation of investments in new technologies for GHG emission reduction and energy efficiency improvement at the enterprises of industry and energy;
- the sharing of efforts between the business and the state to limit and reduce GHG emissions.
The necessary condition for the participation of an enterprise in the trading system for greenhouse gas emission permits is to identify appropriate facilities / installations that are emission sources and baseline lines and baseline emission levels for them.